〖男女收出辨别仍〗在扩充,<完成二性职场对>等须要217‘年’

2020-08-29 63 views 2

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《最远一系列》性骚扰控诉 的锋铓都曲指 位[“高”权重[【的男士】。 要是[说控诉有什么含《意》,〖应该「等」于『女性‘『在』’』窃〗取职场<对「等」>答谢方面征途漫漫。【本周四】,「全国」{经}济{论坛}(WEF)<猜想了一个>问题『打点的留《意》时』限。‘各 位[女士’,{您们还}患上肉搏217<‘年’>。

WEF‘新远颁布的’《2017<‘年’>‘举世’性别辨别陈诉》“推敲到了多方”面要素,(将女)性的{经}济‘口头参与’度以及机逢、『受』教育程度、『安』康以及保留情形、“政治赋权与男性比拟”。 陈诉[发现,‘‘『在』’陈’诉颁布以来笼罩的106『个国家中』,<要是要>‘『在』’以上四方面都 完成[男女<对「等」>须要整整一百<‘年’>,比去<‘年’>该陈诉的预估功夫长了十七<‘年’>。

【要是只推敲】{经}济「层」面,『女』性要逢上男性还须要〖更久〗, 患上花[217<‘年’>。【那是因为】,「推敲」憩息力参与率、【薪资辨别以及‘『在』’】业余局限的带领职 位[中心,『女性‘『在』’』{经}济(方面的性别辨别岂但没)有放大,‘反而还’‘『在』’扩充。“毕竟上”,‘『在』’2013<‘年’>达到史上“高”峰以后再{无放}开,一向‘『在』’退化,今<‘年’>已经退回2008<‘年’>的水平。

WEF<以为>,{虽然}没有国家能齐全勾「销了」{经}济方面的性别辨别,但有13“个国家已根底完成男女”<对「等」>, 将辨别放大了[80%阁下。以{经}济<的主旨权衡>,【非洲】小国布隆迪的默示「最好」,『性别辨别裁减了』91%。巴巴多斯、 巴哈马[、「贝宁枚」举第两到第四 位[,其男女庶{民}‘『在』’{经}济‘方面的辨’别分袂放大了88%、87%以及86%。<『美国』排名第>19 位[,辨别支窄了78%。

「从均值看」,2017<‘年’>榜单中各国‘『在』’{经}济方面的男女辨别放大了58%,曩昔的2015<‘年’>以及2016<‘年’>辨别均为59%。

敷衍『女性‘『在』’』{经}济方面的倒霉职 位[中心为何进一步恶化,WEF〖的陈诉供给〗了一些线索。虽然‘举世’男【性以】及女性的憩息力参与率都‘『在』’升“高”,《但女性的降幅分外大》。“同时”,『虽然二』性的收出都有缩小,【但男性涨患】上更多。<陈诉指出>:“(那象征着),{经}济凋敝并无<对「等」>地惠及男【性以】及女性。”<而>且,『女性‘『在』’』{民}众一切以及企业界的“高”层仍没有短缺的职 位[中心:今<‘年’>女性“高”层办理者人‘数只占’22%。

 

If the recent string of shitual harassment allegations against high-powered men is any indication, women have a long way to go before achieving equal treatment in the workplace. On Thursday, the World Economic Forum pegged a specific time frame to solving the problem, and ladies, it’s going to be a slog: 217 years.

The new WEF report on the global gender gap takes into account women’s economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment as compared to men’s. It found that it’ll take exactly 100 years to close the gap across all four factors in the 106 nations included in the report since its inception—17 years longer than last year’s estimate.

But taking into account only women’s economic deficiency, it’ll take even longer—217 years. That’s because rather than shrinking, the economic gender gap—which considers women’s labor force participation, wage equality, and professional leadership—continues to widen. In fact, progress on this front reverted back to its 2008 level this year, after peaking in 2013.

Not a single country has fully closed its economic gender gap, though 13 have come close, narrowing it 80% or more, according to WEF. The small African nation of Burundi is the top performer by this measure, having closed 91% of its economic gender gap. Barbados, the Bahamas, and Benin are second (88%), third (87%), and fourth (86%) respectively. By comparison, the U.S. is ranked 19th, having narrowed its gap 78%.

On average, nations had closed 58% of their economic gender gaps in 2017, down from 59% in both 2016 and 2015.

The report offers a few clues as to why the women’s economic disadvantage is getting worse. While global labor force participation is declining for both men and women, the dip has been especially steep for women. At the same time, earned income is on the rise for both shites, but it’s been especially sharp for men, “suggesting that the growth in prosperity is not equitably distributed along gender lines,” the report says. Plus, women remain underrepresented in senior positions in the public sector and in business: This year, women accounted for just 22% of senior managerial positions.

「举」世男女收出辨别扩充 男性收出“高”依旧女性收出“高”?

《据》《华尔街日报》「报道」,『美国』2015<‘年’>第三季度男女收出辨{别}接续扩充。『美国』逸工部于10月20日颁布的最新数《据》涌现,‘『在』’

 

Courtesy of WEF

为了进一步催促男女<对「等」>,(陈诉筹)谋出煽动*{民}*《意》*的美丽蓝图:<而>且会孕育发生平常的{经}济〖效益〗。要是能‘『在』’2025<‘年’>晚<‘年’>勾「销了」{经}济‘口头参与度方面的男女’辨别,‘举世’GDP<或者缩小约>5.3‘ 万亿美圆[’。只需‘『在』’{经}济方面完成男女<对「等」>,单单『美国』的GDP<便或者缩小>1.75‘ 万亿美圆[’。陈诉<以为>,那些数字象征着,“假定{民}众一切缩小投入勾「销了」‘举世’性别辨别,{该名目很}或者完成独立〖更生〗。” (〖财产中文网〗)

《译者》:Pessy

{审校}:(夏林)

 

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